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‘Faster, Higher, Stronger’ - Volleyball

Serve! Discover how volleyball and its rules and scoring system came about
CATS Classified In The Straits Times - August 12, 2010
By: Goh Mei Yi
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‘Faster, Higher, Stronger’ - Volleyball

Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William G. Morgan, a YMCA physical education director, in Massachusetts, USA. The indoor game he created was called Mintonette and the aim was to keep passing a ball from one side to the other of a high net. An unlimited number of players could participate.

The game was demonstrated at a YMCA physical education conference in 1896, after which, a proposal was made to change the name of the game to volleyball, after the volleying nature of the sport.

In 1924, volleyball was a demonstration event at the 1924 Olympics in Paris and officially became a medal sport in the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.

Volleyball is a team sport played with six people per side. A player from the serving team begins a rally by serving the ball over the net and into the opposing team's court. The opposing team must use a combination of no more than three points of contact with the ball to return it to the opponent's side. The game continues in this manner until the ball goes “out” or an error is made.

The Fédération Internationale de Volleyball ratified a new scoring method in 1998 known as the rally point system where the team winning a rally scores a point. The winning team also gains the right to serve, and each player on the team rotates one position clockwise.

Five sets are played in a volleyball game. The first four sets are played to 25 points, and the winning team must be ahead by at least two points. The fifth set is played to 15 points – and again the winner must have a two-point lead.

In competitive volleyball, team members have to master six basic skills: the serve, pass, set, attack, block and dig. Each of these moves has its own a set of specific techniques.

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