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Health, Beauty & Fashion

'Pills' for festive party ills

Party-recovery tips
The Straits Times - January 26, 2012
By: Joan Chew
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'Pills' for festive party ills

You have relished the reunion dinner and scoffed down multiple servings of snacks.

Even though the festive revelry is far from over, your body is already showing signs of discomfort.

Mind Your Body asked general practitioners and a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) physician to identify common ailments and share tips to get your body back on track for the Dragon Year ahead.

The experts are: Dr Tan Sai Tiang from Hua Mei Clinic in Central Plaza, Dr Bina Kurup from the Raffles Medical Group and Ms Zhu Ping, a senior physician at Hua Mei Acupuncture and TCM Centre.

 COLD AND FLU

WHAT DOCTORS SAY

The overnight mahjong sessions and visiting have taken a toll on your immune system.

This makes you more susceptible to viruses that cause the common cold or the more serious influenza, and its greater potential for complications such as pneumonia or chest infections.

A cold would leave you with one or a combination of symptoms, such as a runny nose, cough or sore throat.

But an infection with the flu virus will make you sicker with fever and body aches.

When generations of relatives congregate in a place, it puts you in close proximity with others who may already be sick, so practise good personal hygiene. Do not touch your face, especially your mouth, nose or eyes, with unwashed hands.

Encourage others to wash their hands thoroughly and regularly with soap and water.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

The body repairs itself best during rest, so get enough rest.

Alleviate your symptoms with over-the-counter medication, such as cough mixture to ease coughs and paracetamol to relieve body ache and fever. Consult a pharmacist if there is a need to.

But if your symptoms of a runny nose or cough last for more than a week, see a doctor to exclude sinus or chest infections.

If you have a runny nose and are racked with significant headache or pain over the cheeks, it is possible that you have a sinus infection.

This warrants more aggressive treatment with antibiotics, steroids or nasal sprays, so consult a doctor immediately.

WHAT TCM SAYS

In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the lungs are usually the first internal organs to be attacked by external pathogens such as bacteria or viruses.

When this happens, the lungs lose qi (vital life force), which is required for good health, and the person is said to be down with a cold.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

There are two variations of colds that TCM physicians look out for.

In the first variety, you exhibit 'cold' symptoms, such as feeling chilly, having watery mucus, a weak pulse and not sweating even at high temperatures.

Drinking something 'warm' might ease your symptoms. Make a beverage with three red dates, 3g of ginger, 3g of dried sage leaves and 15g of red sugar. Slice the ginger and remove the seeds from the red dates, before adding these into a teapot with dried sage leaves.

Pour 200 to 300ml of boiling water into the pot and let it simmer for five to 10 minutes. Stir red sugar into the drink and serve it hot.

On the other hand, if you experience 'heaty' symptoms such as a sore throat, red tongue, nosebleeds, yellow mucus and a quick pulse, you should drink 'cooling' tea.

Immerse 10g of reed rhizome (lugen), 5g of chrysanthemum (juhua) and 5g of honeysuckle flower (jinyin hua) in boiling water and serve.

STOMACH ACHE

WHAT DOCTORS SAY

You may have overindulged or eaten something that disagreed with you. Whichever the case, indigestion and diarrhoea could make this Chinese New Year a misery.

Diarrhoea is a sign of gastroenteritis, a viral, bacterial or parasitic infection commonly picked up through contaminated food or water. The microbes can be passed on to others through contaminated hands and by touching the mouth.

The lining of the intestines becomes inflamed and cannot carry out its normal functions of digestion and absorption. Poorly digested food is passed out with a lot of water.

The abdominal pain is due to spasms of the intestines, which contract and relax in a bid to expel contaminants with faecal matter.

If you think the festive season gives you reason to overeat, you might pay the price in indigestion.

The process of digestion, where food moves from the stomach to the intestines for nutrient absorption, typically takes four to five hours.

Your stomach is like a bag with a fixed capacity, so stuffing yourself does not allow enough time for the food in it to be processed. Bloatedness and nausea follow.

Indigestion is sometimes associated with gastric acid reflux, often described as heartburn, where one experiences burning discomfort. Long-term acid reflux can damage the food pipe known as the oesophagus.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

Allow your stomach to rest by keeping to a light diet of soup, porridge and oats. Steer clear of oily and spicy food for the time being.

Instead of three hearty meals, opt for smaller meals throughout the day. If you have lost your appetite, go for glucose drinks that replenish minerals lost during diarrhoea.

Keep well-hydrated with fluids. Take non-carbonated isotonic drinks that replace lost minerals and electrolytes - sodium, chloride and potassium - which are vital for cell function.

Avoid dairy products during the episode of diarrhoea and at least a week after your symptoms have resolved. Temporary lactose intolerance will make it difficult to digest the lactose in dairy products and aggravate the diarrhoea.

Consult a doctor if your symptoms persist beyond three days, as more serious conditions such as chronic infections or irritable bowel syndrome may be the root of your problem.

WHAT TCM SAYS

When you overeat or eat contaminated food, the spleen and stomach, which are responsible for food digestion and absorption, are overworked and become less efficient. That causes poor appetite and diarrhoea.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

Eat 15g of hawthorn fruit (shanzha) or 15g of germinated barley (maiya) on their own. You can also prepare them together as a beverage.

SORE THROAT

WHAT DOCTORS SAY

Sore throats are commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. If you are coughing at the same time, you expel the virus or bacterium which then spreads easily through the air from one person to the next during family gatherings and parties.

The trigger for sore throats is often the same viruses and bacteria that cause colds or other upper respiratory illnesses.

An infection of streptococcal bacteria is commonly called strep throat. This is a severe form of sore throat that causes fever, swollen lymph glands and excruciating throat pain which makes it difficult to swallow or even speak.

Other causes of a sore throat include breathing through the mouth during sleep and smoking, both of which produce throat dryness and soreness.

A sore throat may also result from a process called a postnasal drip, in which mucus is discharged from the nose into the throat, for example, in allergic conditions such as allergic rhinitis. This causes irritation to the throat. With sinusitis, it is pus which pours backwards into the throat.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

Make sure your throat is lubricated by drinking enough fluid. You should also use lozenges or salt water gargles to provide temporary pain relief.

A humidifier may be helpful in relieving symptoms, especially in sore throats caused by breathing in dry air through the mouth.

A strep throat may result in enlarged, tender lymph nodes in the neck. If you find you have swollen lymph nodes, a stiff neck, fever and white spots at the back of your throat, you are likely to have strep throat. Consult a doctor immediately. Antibiotics will usually be prescribed.

WHAT TCM SAYS

Chinese New Year goodies such as pineapple tarts and bak kwa (barbecued pork slices) are considered 'heaty' food in traditional Chinese medicine.

So are the Mandarin oranges that figure prominently during visiting.

'Heaty' food is believed to produce heat and dampness in the body, leading to a sore throat and phlegm.

The heat from the food consumes the body fluid, causing thirst too.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

TCM practitioners recommend that a person dispels the 'heat' in the body and moistens the organs to soothe a sore throat.

Prepare 'cooling' tea with a snow pear (xueli) and half an Arhan fruit (luohan guo) to drink once a day.

Another option would be to mix 12g of Cochinchinese asparagus root (tiandong), 12g of dwarf lilyturf tuber (maidong), 9g of platycodon root (jiegeng), 6g of liquorice root (gancao) and 6g of Vietnamese Sophora root (shandou gen) into a pot of boiling water to make tea.

HANGOVERS

WHAT DOCTORS SAY

Partying the night away is fun but it comes with unpleasant effects.

Your head is pounding, your mouth is dry and you feel like throwing up. When you move, the room spins.

A hangover from a night of drinking is usually the result of dehydration.

Alcohol acts as a diuretic, reducing the amount of water in the body by encouraging urination.

When you snack and drink in lieu of proper meals, alcohol is absorbed more quickly from the stomach into the bloodstream, leading to a worse hangover.

Take heed that long-term excessive alcohol consumption can cause liver diseases such as fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, alcoholic cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Fatty liver results from abnormal accumulation of fat in the liver. Alcoholic hepatitis is when the liver is chronically inflamed, while cirrhosis is the hardening of the liver.

To avoid binge drinking, men should consume no more than four standard alcoholic drinks in a session and women, no more than three.

A standard alcoholic drink contains 10g of alcohol. This translates to two-thirds of a can, or 220ml, of regular beer (4.8 per cent alcohol), a 100ml glass of wine (13.5 per cent alcohol) or a 30ml nip of spirits (40 per cent alcohol).

WHAT YOU CAN DO

There is no cure for a hangover, so it is best to avoid getting one.

Have a meal that is heavy in carbohydrates before a drinking session as the food acts as a buffer to reduce the rate of alcohol absorption in the bloodstream.

Drink slowly - space out your drinks over several hours so your body has time to process the alcohol. Your blood alcohol level will then not rise so quickly.

Dilute the effects of alcohol and avoid dehydration. A good rule of thumb is to have a glass of water for every alcoholic drink.

WHAT TCM SAYS

Most alcoholic drinks such as beer, spirits, red wine and tonic are regarded as 'heaty', leading to an increase in the level of yang energy in the body.

This disrupts the balance of yin and yang energy that is required for optimal health.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

To 'cool' the body and alleviate hangover symptoms, drink tea prepared with 3 to 10g of kudzu flowers.

POST-HOLIDAY SYNDROME

WHAT DOCTORS SAY

Sleep is often far from people's minds during the holiday season.

The Chinese believe that staying up as late as possible on the eve of Chinese New Year bodes well for the longevity of one's elders.

And there are those late-night rounds of mahjong.

Going back to work is likely to be accompanied by an attack of sleepiness.

You may also feel symptoms such as headache or dizziness, for which there is no specific cause.

Though it is not considered a medical condition, lethargy does send people to the doctor's clinic to seek help.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

There is no magic pill for this except to listen to your body and get some sleep.

In general, adults rely on about six to eight hours of sleep daily while children may require between eight and 10 hours.

The exact amount of sleep needed depends on how old a person is and what he is used to. Sleep needs may decrease with age as well.

Every individual makes up for lost sleep in different ways. Some sleep in on weekends, while others may slow down and refrain from energetic activity until they get back their rhythm.

The doctor is likely to prescribe medication that provides symptomatic relief, for example, giving a painkiller for the headaches.

Some people may rely on stimulants such as caffeine to get them through a workday, but caffeine is a diuretic which can cause dehydration when taken in large amounts.

WHAT TCM SAYS

When your body does not rest, it has no time to replenish qi, the vital life force that drives all the functions of the body.

A person with qi deficiency would feel lethargic, have a weak voice, lose his appetite and tend to perspire easily.

WHAT YOU CAN DO

Replenish the qi in your body with a soup concocted from 6g of Chinese ginseng, 9g of largehead atractylodes rhizome (baizhu), 9g of dried astragalus root (beiqi), 3g of dried tangerine peel (chenpi) and five pieces of red dates. Cook these for between 30 minutes and one hour.

 

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